Two fingers are inserted into the vagina until they isolate the cervix. Then the health care professional tests for cervical motion tenderness, as classically seen in pelvic inflammatory disease.
Ultrasound is safe, noninvasive and does not use ionizing radiation. A transvaginal ultrasound is used by doctors to examine female reproductive organs - uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, cervix, and vagina. A transvaginal ultrasound helps diagnose multiple conditions, including:
- cancer of the reproductive organs
- routine pregnancy
- pelvic infection
- ectopic pregnancy
- placenta previa (a low-lying placenta during pregnancy that may warrant medical intervention)
A Pap smear, also called a Pap test, is a screening procedure for cervical cancer. It tests for the presence of precancerous or cancerous cells on the cervix. The cervix is the opening of the uterus. During the routine procedure, cells from your cervix are gently scraped away and then examined for abnormal growth.
Colposcopy is a procedure to closely examine your cervix, vagina and vulva for signs of disease. During colposcopy, your doctor uses a special instrument called acolposcope. Your doctor may recommend colposcopy if your Pap test result is abnormal.
A cervical biopsy is a procedure to remove tissue from the cervix to test for abnormal or precancerous conditions, or cervical cancer.
A vaginal wet mount (or vaginal smear or wet prep) is a gynecologic test wherein a sample of vaginaldischarge is observed by wet mount microscopy by placing the specimen on a glass slide and mixing with a salt solution. It is used to find the cause of vaginitis and vulvitis.
Contraceptive and menopause counseling
The goals of contraceptive counseling are to educate women about contraception, discuss current and future contraceptive needs, and select a contraceptive modality, if needed, thereby avoiding the risks of unintended pregnancy.
Diagnostics of sexually transmitted diseases
This consultation aims to promote the development, evaluation and application of diagnostic tests for sexually transmitted infections.